One Direction teenage fangirls created the internet as we know it

You’ve seen the images: grainy black-and-white shots of teenagers, mostly girls, crying, screaming, flailing their arms across blockades as police officers try in vain to hold them back. In photos, they look pained, ecstatic, desperate, devoted. The term that came to describe the phenomenon alluded to the irrationality of it all: Beatlemania.

Fifty years later, another British boy band landed in America with a fervor that appeared quite similar: One Direction. In that time, the nature of fandom evolved dramatically thanks to the internet, which enabled people to come together who only shared one thing in common, people to whom it was the most important thing in their lives. Beyond that, though, the fans who populated the internet also played a key role in creating it: the conventions, the language, the mob mindset, the memes.

Macmillan

That’s the subject of Kaitlyn Tiffany’s debut nonfiction book, Everything I Need I Get from You: How Fangirls Created the Internet as We Know It, which acts as an ethnography of stan culture through the lens of a One Direction superfan. Tiffany (who, disclosure, was previously a reporter at Vox) provides nuanced analysis of an often-overlooked force in internet history, one dominated by the kind of young women whom the rest of the world dismissed as little more than brainless teenyboppers. We recently chatted over the phone about the experience of writing the book, fandom’s fraught relationship with capitalism, and what the act of screaming for your fave can do.

“There are no girls on the internet” was a common axiom on 2000s-era message boards, but clearly that is not and was never the case. What were women doing on the early internet, and why were they less visible?

There was obviously a gender gap in the early days of the web, but it started closing much earlier than people think. Around 2000 is when researchers started noticing that women, and especially younger women, weren’t using it in the transactional or goal-oriented ways that men were using it for work or promotion, but as a social tool. The internet was a lot more like the telephone, which became a domestic communication tool. With the rise of social media and interaction-based platforms, women were the early adopters, and particularly fans were the early adopters to basically everything that’s been created.

Why were Tumblr and Twitter in particular so fruitful for fandoms?

People forget about this now, but Tumblr was pretty unprecedented as a visual tool. GIFs that were invented on Tumblr became part of the cornerstone of fandom. It was also a counterpart to public-facing platforms like Facebook, which is not where you’d go to publish your slash fic [fanfiction about same-sex romance] under your real name for your parents and grandparents to see. Tumblr had this very secluded feeling and gave fans a lot of tools that they didn’t have on other websites.

With Twitter, it’s the opposite. It was this vacant space that fans were among the first to, like, homestead. That

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Verisk Specialty Business enterprise Solutions CEO: Adoption is the “key” upcoming action in the direction of technology enhancement | Information

Talking in the latest episode of The Insurer Television’s Near Quarter collection, Summers emphasised the require for technological innovation adoption to ensure the progress of processes for brokers and underwriters.

The evolving technological landscape and the need to have for innovation in the (re)insurance policies market has offered Verisk Specialty Company Alternatives – previously identified as Sequel – with lots of chances to consolidate all kinds of technologies and facilitate the interaction amongst stakeholders.

As insurance companies drive for engineering to allow them to mature, Verisk Specialty Enterprise Options proposes to join all kinds of technology utilized in the current market and let for much better conversation.

For instance, there are “different sights and unique means of connectivity” and APIs are “no for a longer period standard”, noted Paul Latarche, Verisk Specialty Company Solutions’ chief professional officer. This has led the agency to search for approaches to capitalise on enhancing connectivity in the (re)coverage current market.

Whitespace

The Verisk subsidiary acquired digital (re)insurance buying and selling system Whitespace earlier this 12 months. Whitespace was made to assistance the open marketplace room, and its enhancement has been pushed by the requires of its person foundation.

The Whitespace acquisition is intended to bolster the platform’s capabilities and deliver the basis for an enhanced adoption of technological know-how.

“We operate in a selection of parts where by we’re bringing alongside one another markets and brokers to trade their enterprise collectively,” Summers claimed. “The technological innovation is there, it is the adoption which is important.”

Connecting folks through APIs has brought important evolution in the (re)insurance policies market, as it has designed interaction quicker and a lot more economical.

“We’ve seriously observed a massive swap from insurers and brokers working by way of portals,” Latarche said. “What we’ve truly observed a shift in not long ago is building business less difficult to transact with by means of distributing by using their APIs and injecting their IP into other people’s platforms.”

Alternatives for progress

There are plenty of possibilities for expansion in the (re)insurance coverage market, and Verisk Specialty Business Answers has responded to the requirements of its clients by facilitating distribution.

The past two decades have accelerated the need to have for the adoption of a much more agile and versatile way of doing work, primarily because of to the Covid-19 pandemic. The organization has been seeking to capitalise on this prospect by pushing technologies throughout various distribution channels.

At the exact time, current market individuals want to make guaranteed their engineering is risk-free to use, creating details stability much more related than at any time.

In addition, the adoption of remote doing work has also brought the require for details enhancement to the fore.

It is a lot more pertinent than ever for brokers and underwriters to have access to extra comprehensive and much better top quality details so they can make their choices with confidence, Summers added.

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